What are Small White Bumps On Gums? Causes and Treatment 2022

Many people can experience gum pain that is due to the plaque formation and other bacteria that cause gum pain and irritation. Plaque formation causes bleeding and redness of gums. So it is an alarming situation for gums, white bumps may appear on them.

White patches or bumps on gums generally come from various factors that may be an injury, canker sore, or may an infection. These patches on your gums are in the form of patches, small spots, or lace-like structures. These bumps are may thick and hard. Depending on the causes white bumps on your gums can be painful or uncomfortable.

White bumps on gums can range from your mild health condition to serious health issues. What causes bumps on gums and how it can prevent as well as its symptoms also going to discuss in this article.

White Bumps On Gums
Source: Healthline

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Main Causes For White Bumps On Gums

There are many causes that lead to forming white spots on gums. These may be

Canker Sores

Canker Sores development is one of the major causes of forming white bumps on gums. Canker sores develop on the soft tissues of your mouth that’s why it’s also known as mouth ulcers. Canker sores can be minor or major. Minor sores can heal within two weeks and they are widespread. Major sores go deep into your gums and it is generally painful and it can take 6 months to heal.

Usually, canker sores start as a red bump. They often have a yellow or white centre which is surrounded by the red line. Canker sores may be triggered by dietary deficiency, stress, infection, bacteria, and injury or irritation in your mouth. Canker sores can exasperate when you’re eating or drinking something acidic.

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is another cause of white bumps on gums. It occurs when the Candida fungus accumulates around the mouth. It forms creamy yellow, cheesy white lesions on your gums, tongue, inner cheeks, and the roots of the mouth. If you notice these lesions on your mouth are called oral thrush. These lesions may be slightly grown and can cause soreness or bleeding.

This condition causes lacey white patches inside of the mouth or on the gums. Oral lichens planus are thought that be a chronic inflammatory condition. It appears in the form of lace-like white patches on gums. Occasionally these patches appear into red, raised patches or open sores. These patches further cause discomfort and pain.


It is another cause of white bumps on gums. Leukoplakia may appear in the form of thick white and grey patches in the mouth that can harden over time. These patches can not be healed with a toothbrush.

The causes of leukoplakia are still not defined but it is thought that is due to smoking and chewing tobacco.

This condition of leukoplakia is not painful but is serious because leukoplakia can be precancerous. So we will surely take a biopsy test to know whether we need to remove it or not.


Fibroma is the condition that causes tumour-like bumps on the gums. These are the noncancerous bumps that form on the irritated or injured part of the gums.

Fibromas are likely painful. Fibroma appears as smooth, hard, and dome-shaped lumps. They may also look darker or lighter than the rest of your gums

Fibroma can also appear on  
  • Inside your cheeks
  • On the side of your tongue
  • On the side your lips
  • Under denatures

Symptoms Of White Bumps On Gums

There are a number of symptoms that may be depending on the causes.

Canker Sores Symptoms

These symptoms are

  •  Small in size
  •  Can appears in white or yellow that follows a border red line
  • Canker sores gives burning sensation as well as painful sensation
  • It typically occurs alone or may in clusters.

Oral Thrush Symptoms

The lesions from oral thrush may be shown as

  • Cottage cheese appearance
  • Cracking or bleeding at the corners of the mouth
  • Slightly bleeding if the area is rubbed or irritated
  • Pain under denatures
  • Redness and soreness
  • Having a cottony feeling in your mouth
  • Lost of taste
  • Burning sensation in severe cases

Oral Lichen Planus Symptoms

This cause shows a number of symptoms which may include

  • Develops into white, lacey and raised patches
  • It also develops into red raised patches and open sore
  • It also gives burning sensation
  • Shows Sensitivity to hot and acidic foods
  • Bleeding while brushing
  • Discomfort when eating or drinking
  • Inflammation on gums
  • Painful, thickened patches on gums

Leukoplakia Symptoms

It causes symptoms that may include

  • White or gray patches
  • Can thicken or harden the gums
  • In severe cases it causes discomforts
  • Ear pain when swallowing
  • Causes progression reductions in the ability to full open mouth

Whenever you are facing these symptoms just go and consult to your doctor or dentist immediately.

Treatments For White Bumps On Gums

There are different treatments for different conditions of gums which may be caused by differently. According to the causes, treatments should be

Treatment For Canker Sore

Cankers are maybe minor or major. Minor cankers should be recovered within a week on your own. But major canker sores can not be recovered on their own. It needs treatment that may include

  • Mouth rinse
  • Oral medications to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Tropical products

In some cases the product that is used in treatment contains lidocaine. Lidocaine-containing products will be applied to that area. To treat your white bumps in gums you should rinse your mouth with salt-containing mouthwash. You should avoid acidic and spicy things to speed up your treatment.

  • If you are using braces, you can use orthodontist wax to treat your white bumps of gums.

In severe cases, dentists use topical solutions or steroid medications to seal the canker sores.

Treatment For Oral Thrush

Thrush usually affects infants, elders, and immunocompromised persons such as cancer patients. Oral thrush is treated by applying antifungal medications. These may include

  • Tablets
  • Lozenges
  • Mouth rinses makes you swallow

In some cases, people also have thrush infections after taking antibiotics. Good oral hygiene is a key to treating thrush. You should always clean your mouth after a meal. Moreover, you should consult your dentist as soon as you can to treat your thrush.

Treatment For Oral Lichens Planus

Corticosteroids are generally used to treat oral lichens planus to reduce inflammation. These treatments can be topical, oral, and Injectable. Many of these treatments can be used to reduced the symptoms of pain and burning.

Topical numbing agents are prescribed by dentists to reduce your pain if you are feeling it.

Treatment For Leukoplakia

For leukoplakia treatments, the diagnostic test is most important to ensure that either it is precancerous or not. First, your dentist takes a biopsy test, and then it is removed necessarily.

Dentists remove leukoplakia by the scalpel or they may use a laser or cryoprobe, which has the ability to freeze and destroy the cells. Leukoplakia begins again if smoking and tobacco consumption starts. A person with a weak immune system facing leukoplakia then your dentist recommends using antiviral medications.


In this article, we discussed about white bumps on gums. Also, we discussed symptoms and their treatments. If you are suffering from bumps that are quite painful then this is article is very helpful for you to know how to treat bumps on gums. Brushing and flossing daily, not smoking can help you to avoid your bumps on gums. There is enough information about white bumps on gums and how to treat them. Afterwards, if you need any help regarding it you can comment about your problem or need.